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為什麼要去橫濱(Yokohama)?因為她距離東京只有不到半小時的車程,卻沒有首都的擁擠與高速感因為它既新又舊港未來21的建築壯麗你很難一望無垠地在其他日本地區瞧見同樣位於東京灣橫濱港的海天一色就是比首都來得更藍還有一點也很重要橫濱還未被強烈包裝化你期待的物有所值不論在食物住宿觀光甚至是購物,絕對能有一項能滿足你的需求。

 

 

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「橫濱港未來21」(Yokohama Minato Mirai 21),通稱港未來21、港未來、MM21…,以作為21世紀未來都市為規劃,所有街道均綠化,區內電線、電話線、光纖網路、自來水、下水道和暖氣系統等基礎設施全部預先設置在地底的管溝內。整個區內簡潔乾淨行走其中,總感覺通透舒暢

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由五層樓建築相連的Queen's Square,橫濱全太平洋大酒店、音樂大廳、辦公大樓。內部的百貨公司、購物中心與餐飲街,都相通 港未來21的建築美學,就從這裡開始超展開。

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充滿科技感的三菱港未來技術館,展示有火箭發射裝置實物,還有原子反應堆、超音速飛機、人造衛星等各種模型,可瞭解日本的尖端科技的現狀。

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同時還有「日本現代建築之父」丹下健三設計的「橫濱美術館」,美術館聚焦1859年橫濱開港以後的近代美術、工藝,以及與橫濱有淵源的藝術家作品。橫濱美術館的建築特點是左右對稱的石砌外形,以中央八層樓半圓柱建築為中心,向左右展開排列180公尺長的柱廊,氣勢相當宏偉。室內設計更佈局了開闊舒適的展覽廳。

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「橫濱大棧橋」是一座不像建築的建築,原本只是一個客輪停靠港,落成百年之後由於設備出現老化,為了能夠停泊世界各地的郵輪而開始進行了大規模的改造。

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1995年,經由世界各國競圖的結果,由倫敦的夫妻檔Alejandro Zaera Polo Farshid Moussavi脫穎而出,他們低調的設計結合了新潮創意,符合了「給大家一個平穩的海面」的設計目標。除了由遠處欣賞大棧橋不規則的建築物設計外,站在大棧橋的屋頂公園更是可以將橫濱海天一線的美景盡收眼底

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整座建築物叫人分不清地面、外牆或天花板,室外的木地板伸延至室內。建築內不設樓梯,完全依靠條條不規則的斜道把樓層緊扣,樓層分界變得模糊,置身建築物中有一種處於異世界的獨特氛圍。

 

一覽無遺的地標美景

 

傳奇地標大樓

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提到橫濱美景,一定得到全日本第三高的Landmark Tower(地標大樓),大樓外形靈感源自日本傳統的梳子,全棟有73樓高,配備有全世界最快速的電梯之一。

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乘搭每分鐘達750公尺速度上升40秒內直達69樓瞭望台也是不可錯過的趣味。

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273公尺的高空、環繞360度視野眺望橫濱市區外,遠至東京、伊豆半島、富士山也可瞧見。在這裡的餐廳點一杯香檳或啤酒,欣賞遼闊的景致也被視為是一大享受樓內還設有由許願籤架構的大型愛心,據說只要將寫上心願綁在此處,最後會被送到富士山的神社燒化,就可以美夢成真。

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通常在白天,你可以瞧見許多橫濱人聚集在兩幢紅磚屋區,或者排隊等待草莓季開鑼或在紅磚屋內購物;黃昏,則在玻璃咖啡屋內,喝咖啡看日落無論日與夜紅磚屋都有不同的風情

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建於日本大正年間的紅磚建築物外觀雖留有這90多年來的舊日足跡,內部則改裝成特色Shopping Mall,整個購物城只有1號館和2號館兩幢建築物,每座館也只有區區3層,但由於座立於一大片空地上,且正位於海港邊,倒給人無比舒適的購物空間與悠閒感。

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浪漫的新歷史

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橫濱的中華街位於橫濱市的中部,有七個入口,分別矗立著被稱為牌樓”的大門。這裡是日本規模最大的華人聚集區,這裡聚集了約600家華人開設的餐館和店鋪想要體驗日式的中華美食這裡絕對是解饞的最佳選擇。

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不過你可能不知道,佔地不大的橫濱中華街也曾是國父孫中山(孫文)重要的革命基地及曾經發生羅曼史的歷史據點

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根據史實紀載一八九八年秋,日本一個從事中國貿易的商人大月素堂因家中失火而臨時搬到了橫濱市山下町一幢石造樓房的二樓居住,而此時一樓正巧住著因領導廣州起義失敗而流亡日本的孫中山。

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後來孫文在此結識他的第三任妻子大月薰並與其育有一女冨美子。這段浪漫的邂逅最終因孫中山的革命大計而離散卻成為許多老華人流傳的佳話

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如今,除了能在中華街內橫濱中華學校(1897年孫文等人倡議創辦日本第一所華僑學校,在現橫濱中華學院的鄰地創立了「中西學校」,後更名為中華學校)感受到國父當年倡學的願望實現,下次漫步其間時,也可以試著想像曾有一位撼動現代歷史的革命家,在這裡曾經觸動的羅曼史。

 

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三溪園是橫濱的富商故原富太郎(別號三溪)盡畢生心血建造的。它集四季各種景色於一身,又容納了不同時代的建築物,使之在日本的庭園建築中佔有重要地位。

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三溪園面積約為175000平方米,園內有包括10座國家重要文物財在內的17座古建築,巧奪天工,四季生輝。

 

山手西洋館

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150多年以前,來自西方的黑船向日本叩關,當年原是處小漁村的橫濱,搖身變為日本對外接軌的門戶,當時西方商人多聚集居住於此,所以建有十分洋化的建築,主要為當時外貿商人和使領館官員的私人住宅。現存的7棟完全保留了當時的面貌,每一處建築都反映了當時橫濱港開港時的外國文化,外交官之家被指定為是重要的文化遺產。漫步在這些建築的回廊廳院間,就像走進時光隧道,一個世紀前的豪華夜宴、衣香鬢影,彷佛一一浮現眼前。

 

 

Yokohama Minato Mirai 21

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The bay area is filled with tourism spots symbolic of Yokohama, from the 296-meter tall Yokohama Landmark Tower to the giant Ferris wheel Cosmo Clock 21 and the Yokohama Red Brick Warehouse. It is also home to leading fashion brands both from Japan and around the world. There are a number of major shopping malls within a 10-minute walk with more than 200 stores each, including Yokohama Landmark Plaza, Queen's Square Yokohama and MARK IS minatomirai. Enjoy shopping to your heart's content even on rainy days as all the malls are connected by underground or covered passageways.

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Queen's Square Yokohama is situated directly above Minatomirai station on the Minatomirai line. The three symbol towers with a wave motif mark the building out. Queen's Square Yokohama is a huge shopping/office building complex with over 200 stores and restaurants, including The Yokohama Bay Hotel Tokyu overlooking the Port of Yokohama, and the Yokohama Minatomirai Hall which caters to concerts for all genres of music. The venue often hosts a variety of events, making Queen's Square Yokohama ideal for an entertaining experience for people of all ages.

 

YOKOHAMA MUSEUM OF ART

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Holds a diverse collection of art, mainly from the late 19th century and later including works by Dali, Magritte, Milo, Picasso, Cezanne and artists with strong ties to Yokohama from the end of the Edo/Meiji periods onward. It also has an extensive collection of photographs since Yokohama is one of the places in Japan where photography was first introduced. "Yokohama Museum of Art Collection Exhibit", which exhibits museum's collections is held about three times a year. Themed exhibits are held about four times a year. The museum building was designed by Kenzo Tange. The museum also includes the "Citizens' and Children's Workshops" and the "Art Information and Media Center" that provides art-related books, videos and information. *A cafe and a restaurant are also available.

 

 

Osanbashi Yokohama International Passenger Terminal

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The Osanbashi Yokohama International Passenger Terminal is a major port where foreign cruise ships dock during international cruises. With a maximum height of 70m and width of 15m, the steel construction was designed by Alejandro Zaera Polo and Farshid Moussavi (a UK-based architect).

 

Landmark Tower "Sky Garden"

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The Sky Garden is Yokohama's highest observation deck on the 69th floor of the Landmark Tower, the tallest building in Yokohama standing at 296 meters. Visitors take Japan's fastest elevator at 750m/min to reach the observatory in just under 40 seconds. The observatory provides a 360-degree, panoramic view of Yokohama city, the Yokohama Bay Bridge, and the Tokyo Tower and Mount Fuji on clear days.

 

Bar Noble

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The owner won the world championship 2011 for his cocktail grand sunrise. It is an elegant, sophisticate but still welcoming bar .

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The glasses, the classical music, and the expertise of the owner/bartender make this one a must in yokohama, you feel like a royalty.

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The drinks are simply awesome, small art pieces. 未滿十八歲禁止飲酒

 

He stoically stand center bar and center stage framed by a back bar of wrought iron and dark wood all set off by his rye smile and white doubled breasted dinner jacket.

 

Sankeien Garden

 

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Sankeien contains many hisotrical houses and buildings that are recognized as being culturally significant by the government. These buildings were brought to the park from locations all over the Japan, and include a three storied pagoda located high up on a hill deep inside the garden. This pagoda, originally constructed in Kyoto in the mid-1400s, was relocated to Sankei-en in 1914.

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The entire garden was once the private home of Tomitaro “Sankei” Hara (1869-1939) an extremely wealthy silk merchant. It was opened to the public in 1906.

As you stroll through the park you will find bridges, streams, small waterfalls, bamboo groves, and ponds.

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The house that Hara and his family lived in (Kakushokaku) is huge; a sprawling, flat dwelling with dozens of spacious, interconnected tatami rooms, overlooking a private green lawn.

 

Yokohama Chinatown

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Yokohama Chinatown is known as the one of the world's best spots for Chinese food. With more than 600 shops in only a 2500 square meter area, there are plenty of restaurants to choose from. Workers from restaurants and food stalls, cute and colorful sundries shops, and more call out in loud voices to entice passersby. The buildings and signs glitter and dazzle in brilliant colors and you soon realize Chinatown is a completely different world!

 

去旅行 travel together 專題旅遊組

 

責任編輯: Jacky Yang (Taipei)

 

: Cathy Chao (Taipei)

影音、攝影: Jacky Yang (Taipei)

影片後製:Kenneth Wang (Taipei)

 

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【本篇文章是由觀光單位與旅行社邀約,前往實地拍攝,所有圖片與影音為專業記者撰寫,純新聞發佈,旅遊行程為個人觀感,為表公正不做評論與背書,本圖片是良好印象實地採訪拍攝】

 

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